The Resource A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom

A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom

Label
A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom
Title
A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom
Contributor
Distributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Ask most people who led the 1963 March on Washington and they'll probably tell you Martin Luther King, Jr. But the real force behind the event was the man many call the pre-eminent black labor leader of the century and the father of the modern civil rights movement: A. Philip Randolph.. Randolph believed that economic rights was the key to advancing civil rights. A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom takes viewers on a tour of 20th-century civil rights and labor history as it chronicles Randolph's legendary efforts to build a more equitable society.. Randolph was born in 1889 in the deeply segregated South. When he was reduced to performing menial labor despite an outstanding academic record, he headed north - to Harlem. The film traces Randolph's early years amid the fervor of the Harlem Renaissance where he encountered the socialism of Eugene Debs, became a renowned soapbox orator and, with Chandler Owen, founded the radical magazine The Messenger.. In response to the race riots of 1919, Randolph and Owen formed the National Association for the Promotion of Labor Unionism Among Negroes. Soon a group of Pullman car workers asked Randolph to help them organize the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. The film revisits the group's bitter 12-year battle with the notorious Pullman Company, which tried repeatedly to destroy the union using spies and firings. The 1934 Wagner Act finally created a level-playing field, enabling the Brotherhood to win an organized contract in 1937, the first ever between a company and a Black union.. The anti-Communist Brotherhood did not join the more radical CIO but the craft unions of the AFL. Randolph became the sole Black representative on the AFL's executive council, where he was often a lonely voice for civil rights.. When WWII began, the federal government was still segregated and African Americans excluded from all but menial defense industry jobs. Randolph leapt onto the national stage when he called for a march on Washington in protest. According to CORE founder James Farmer, "Roosevelt could not take the chance that 25,000 people would be protesting in Washington when he was calling the U.S. the arsenal of democracy." Roosevelt signed Executive Order 8002 banning such discrimination and the march was called off.. Later, as the Cold War heated up, President Truman announced the first peace-time draft. But he left the armed forces segregated. Randolph called on Black men to resist the draft until Truman relented, presaging the protests against the Vietnam War. Truman was furious, but in 1948 he issued an executive order integrating the military.. In 1963, Randolph called again for a march on Washington. He was the only civil rights leader who could unite other leaders in the movement. 250,000 came in response. When he introduced Dr. King, "symbolically, the torch was passed from one generation of fighters to another."
Cataloging source
VDU
Characteristic
videorecording
Date time place
Originally produced by California Newsreel in 1996
Language note
In English
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • California Newsreel (Firm)
  • Kanopy (Firm)
Runtime
87
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • History, Modern
  • Race relations
Technique
live action
Label
A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • In Process Record
  • Title from title frames
  • Film
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
carrier
Configuration of playback channels
unknown
Content category
two-dimensional moving image
Content type code
  • tdi
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
kan1175440
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (streaming video file) (88 minutes):
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Medium for sound
other
Other physical details
digital, .flv file, sound
Publisher number
1175440
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
sound
Sound on medium or separate
sound on medium
Specific material designation
  • remote
  • other
System control number
(OCoLC)956904861
System details
Mode of access: World Wide Web
Video recording format
other
Label
A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom
Publication
Note
  • In Process Record
  • Title from title frames
  • Film
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
carrier
Configuration of playback channels
unknown
Content category
two-dimensional moving image
Content type code
  • tdi
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
kan1175440
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (streaming video file) (88 minutes):
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Medium for sound
other
Other physical details
digital, .flv file, sound
Publisher number
1175440
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
sound
Sound on medium or separate
sound on medium
Specific material designation
  • remote
  • other
System control number
(OCoLC)956904861
System details
Mode of access: World Wide Web
Video recording format
other

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